In Defense of Socrates


At the age of 71, Socrates was sentenced to death by drinking hemlock. He was accused of being atheist and corrupting the youths, which was seen as a violation of the law and a threat to the democracy of Athens. The controversy still occurs about the decision made by the jury members on 399 BCE for the execution of Socrates(Trial, pg.17). Going through the Apology written by Plato and other accounts on Socrates, the points on which he was accused and put to death is ridiculous and childish. The members of the jury were drawn by their emotions to make a decision against him, rather than thinking as responsible people and coming up with a better option.
Socrates is the pioneer of modern thinking in Western civilization. Due to poor accounts, it is not really clear what kind of life he lived. Most of his character and personality can be known from the data collected by his pupils, Plato And Xenophon. The teaching of Socrates was simple, however, it was powerful and really intimidated the youths of Athens. However, he never intentionally intimidates the youths to rise against the state. 
Socrates was born in a poor family, in 469 BCE. In his early life, he fought bravely in wars as an infantry(Trial, pg.1). He was ugly, however, he did not really care about the reputation and clothing(Trial,pg.4). Although he was poor, he embraced it and rejected any source of income. He usually roamed around the marketplace and had debates with others. Debates used to so convincing that most of the youths used to follow him(Trial, pg.6). “He never considered himself as a teacher”, rather he helped others to find good in themselves(Trial, pg.4). He compared his knowledge with others because he believed that “unexamined life was not worth living for a human being”(Trial,pg.6). His questions were more tilted towards finding the real soul of the people’s lives. It is the irony that he considered he knew nothing of importance and wanted to listen to others, yet always had the upper hand in an argument. Most of the knowledge from the Socrates was appreciated, however, some of them were offended because the argument revealed their true intellect, capability, and righteousness.
 Aristophanes was one of the persecutors against Socrates’s teaching. He mocked Socrates through plays in theaters like Cloud and Bird (Trial, pg.2). He raised a voice claiming that Socrates was brainwashing the youths of  Athens to overthrow the democracy and being monotheistic or aesthetic. Moreover, Socrates was accused to be going hungry, to stand against the iconic tradition of pot-belly(Trial, pg.4). However, Socrates believed that he was completing the prophecy by the Oracle at Delphi. 
In 399 BCE, Meletus sue Socrates for the thesis and corruption of youth. It was considered to be a serious matter because on 401 BCE the democracy was in danger because most of the young men involved were associated with him played a prominent role to overthrow the government, but became unsuccessful.  Socrates was called to jury court, which consisted of 500 members(Trial, pg.3). By a bit of number, he lost the case and had to face the punishment. When he was asked to plead for the alternative suggestion for punishment, he did not take it seriously and rather gave a childish reply. He was offered to go on exile or to face imprisonment. In contrast, as to honor his service to the state,  he asked the jury to provide a great meal (Trial,pg.22). This obviously angered the crowd and as a punishment, he had to drink poisonous hemlock. 
    The claim for being an atheist is ridiculous because in the Apology he stated that the reason for living in the streets and questions the very soul of the people in the market was because he was sent to “a mission by Oracle of Apollo at Delphi” (Trial, pg. 5). Since he wanted to find out whether the statement from the oracle was true or not. He abandoned his family and lived a very low life on the streets of Athens, crossing questioning others. His main theme was he knows nothing and wanted to learn from others, however, he always had an upper hand in a debate. His questions used to be simple but very confusing and it gradually revealed the true nature of the person who answered the question.
Most of the rebellions in Athens turned out to be Stratified. It has never been mentioned in any writings that Socrates personally suggested overthrowing the Democracy of Athens. His argument relied on what was true. There is no doubt that he brought up topics in his arguments, which might have shown the flaws of Athenian Democracy. However, He cannot be blamed for the acts of his followers, who took it falsely and roses against the Democracy.
Undoubtedly, the decision made by the jury to poison Socrates seems not fair. The was not atheist because he believed in the ward of Oracle and set himself on the street to find out the truth. He never intentionally tried to rise youth against the government. He was just discussing with them about the flaws and the effects of Democracy on the state, which was misunderstood by his pupils and rose against. He said to the jury that if he had corrupted the youths then they should have been supporting him in his trail, rather than persecuting him(Trial, pg.19). The controversy still exists as nobody really knows what really happened in the life of Socrates. The Apologies written student seems a good source to argue, however, some of the scholars state that data collected about Socrates is biased. 
 Work Cited
Socrates Trial Material 
Accessed 18  Sep. 2017


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The State of Mind

    
Most of the masterpieces of the Edgar Allan Poe usually present the main character neglecting the crucial detail or basic knowledge, which eventually hampers the act and the understanding of the character throughout the narration. Because the act of an individual depends on his state of mind. The slave narratives are commonly based on the idea of lacking knowledge leading to enslavement which is similar to the narratives of Peo as the character usually lacks some sense of common knowledge. In “ Narrative of life” by Frederick Douglass, the major reason for the enslavement of black people was because of their lack of knowledge. Similarly, in the nearly perfect story “The Tell-Tale Heart” by Edgar Allan Poe, the narrator is enslaved by his own state of min because he lacks and overlooks the basic sense of facts.
    In “The Tell-Tale Heart” by Edgar Allan Poe, the writer presents the narrator in a very distinct way. The way of the narrator seems to be unusually and as he, the narrator, frequently tries to convince the reader that he was not a psychopath. As a result, throughout the story, the narrator lacks the common knowledge skipping the facts which leads him to be the murder of an innocent old man. Likewise, in “ Narrative of life” Douglas also explains that because the slave is kept away for the knowledge they have no idea how to get themselves free.
    In “Narrative of life” by Douglass, he writes down the conversation between Mr. and Mrs. Auld after Mr.Auld found Mrs. Auld teaching him, where Mr.Auld states that “A nigger should know nothing but to obey his master… Learning would spoil the best nigger in the world.” (Douglass 1023).  The statement clearly mentions the reason for not letting the slaves learn as educating them would spoil them in a good way giving them the understanding to stand out and evolving their state of mind enabling them to see what they are really capable of. Comparatively, in the “Tell-Tale Heart”, the narrator, because of his madness, is not able to understand and recognize the simple factors leading him to be enslaved by his own state of mind. 
The story “Tell-Tale Heart” features many events where one can see how the narrator shows neglecting the common sense blinding and forcing him to act psycho. “I undid it just so much that a single thin ray fell upon the vulture eye.” (Poe 763). The following sentence showcase the state of mind of the narrator. The act he claims to have done is impossible in real life. He is basically ignoring the laws of nature. Likely, he claimed that the heartbeat of an old man was growing so loud that the neighbor could hear it (Poe 764). Again the following event, the narrator describes is the complete sign that he has been enslaved by his own recklessness of ignoring the common facts. There is no way a heart can beat that loud. Moreover, the narrator assumes that the officers were able to hear that hideous heartbeat but were faking it with “those hypocritical smiles” and finally accepts to be the murder of the old man (Peo 765). Because he was totally arrogant and overlooked the common knowledge, his behavior was controlled by his low state of madness, making him believe that the heart was really pumping hard and the officers were pretending. 
The narrator of the “Tell-Tale Heart” would not have acted the way he did in the story if he had some common sense and knowledge. The claim is made more clear in “Narrative of life” by Douglass. “From that moment, I understood the pathway from slavery to freedom.” (Douglass 1023). It was the moment when Douglass as a slave found out the way to free himself from slavery. Through the conversation of Mr.Auld, gaining knowledge was the only way to be strong enough to not be enslaved. 

Undoubtedly, both the character of “ Tell-Tale Heart” and the slaves from “Narrative of Life” lacked the knowledge and lead them to be enslaved. Their state of mind and there capability of acting consciously were fully manipulated because of enslavement. 

Work Cited 
Douglass, Frederick. “ Narrative Of The Life.” Norton Anthology of American Literature,
 Shorter 9th edition, Vol.1, edited by S. Levine,2017, p1023.
Peo, Edgar Allan “ The Tell-Tale Heart.” Norton Anthology of American Literature, 
Shorter 9th edition, Vol.1, edited by Robert S. Levine,2017, p763-765.
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The Way I Saw it: Wander


As humans are conscious beings, it is obvious that the way you see this world is probably different from any other individual in existence.  Each individual is unique because we have different levels of wisdom and consciousness. Our uniqueness has helped us survive the wrath of mother nature so many times. It is normal to have a different view of your life or even the environment you live in. It makes us strong. It makes us curious. And curiosity is what makes our species unstoppable in terms of achieving new heights.

The way my mind wanders is totally different from yours. The way I see a pen is different for your way of seeing it. Just give this a try, close your eyes and imagine a pen. Your brain process and give you an image of a pen. However, the pen you saw just now is absolutely different from the pen I saw because we are not seeing the same pen, we are just seeing it.

As everyone has their own level of consciousness and different way of seeing, in this article I would like to express how my mind wanders off to know the unknown and the way I see my life.
The way I saw the world was different, I used to think that everything that was happening around was directly or indirectly connected to me. Even when I used to get the news of the ongoing war in a different country than I lived, I thought I was related to me. I use to see the world as entertainment. Everything that was going on in my life was just to keep me entertained. Like, interaction with my parents, playing with friends and going to school, and whatever that made me interact. I saw every other person as a character, that was interacting with me so that I was doing what I was supposed to and not get bored. I thought it was meant to be that way. I know it is really dark thinking but I helped me compete with myself, and to do better. Because from the starting I used to think that if I wanted a change in my life, nobody was going to do it for me as I saw everyone as a character just doing his role to entertain me.

The way I saw it was, I was the only one who was cable of changing my own life. I thought my thought is to be valued as I change the course of my life. I thought my decisions were valuable as it was me who was doing it for my future me. I wander off and come up with strange thinkings that sometimes motivate me and sometimes it just drags me down. However, your consciousness is my uniqueness and I adore it. Everyone is unique and it should be that way.

Please share the way you see it, in the comment below and motivate us to write more of these kinds of articles. Thank you we appreciate your feedback.

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Heart or Mind: Which to follow?

It is just a struggle, we all live with. Every second-struggle in our lives to decide whether to go with our heart or mind. Even though heart and mind lie in one body when a person tends to think from either of the perspectives, they seem to see the world, very much different. And it seems the world itself is divided with the dilemma of going with their mind or heart.  The heart tends to see the situation more emotionally than the mind. The mind believes in facts and heart believes the fate.

Everyone has their own explanation on which one to follow, whether it is the emotional heart or the factual mind. Please do not hesitate to leave your thoughts on it, in our comment box. Show us your way of thinking on this topic. So, this article is my expression of thought regarding which a person should really be following his heart or mind.

Most of the people suggest us to go with our heart because it always seems to be right. But is it? We are a social being, so our through processing is highly influenced by our emotions.As mentioned early the heart sees the situation through the lens of emotion and as the emotion is attached to the reasoning of the situation,  it fairly seems to be true. However, unlike the mind which analyses the situation based on fact and truth, the heart is very easy to corrupt. The heart can be easily diverted. It can be manipulated, of course, the mind can be too but it is much easier in the case the heart. All people are not good, some are their just to give you a hard time and if you always listen to your heart, they will do their best to manipulate the situation and it will easily mislead you. So is the mind the better choice?

More of the people who are much more dedicated to science and fact tends to think that mind is always the better choice the heart when dealing with a situation in life. We are gifted with the power of wisdom. We can keep track of our failure and improve ourselves revising it. By analyzing the situation and based on our wisdom about facts and the past, we can predict the outcome. However, we know the same fact cannot always be relevant to every of life, there is always a ways to prove it wrong and the past is past, we can not guaranty that it is repeating again. As the mind does not deal with emotion, uncovering the situation without it is dangerous and it might lead to a result or the status, where we all know, is wrong.

The heart and the mind have their own pros and cons. I believe that as a human it is not safe to be extreme on any side when dealing with the situation. One must analyze the trouble put up to us by our life, through both the perspective. The heart and the mind are like two wheels of the bicycle, it is safe to ride only when both of the wheels and it their top condition.
Please do not forget to leave a Comment below, we really appreciate your feedback. Thank You.   
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Is It Just Me

                It is already 2019, and still, so many of us are struggling to find the merest gleams of that hint. The hint that really exposes us to the bitter question i.e why we are still living this meaningless life? A life without a clear goal, or any purpose. Each and every one of us at some point reaches to a point, where we start to question our existence.

           
               Is our existence meaningless? Is there a purpose for every life? Is the goal of life to be famous? Is the goal of life to be rich? Are we alive to compete against one another? Is life just about living happily? Do we live just to keep our self alive? Why do we think the way we think? Why do we fall in love? Is the meaning of love for everyone same? Why do we work? Is hunger our greatest enemy or time? Do we live to die? Why do we try our best to uplift our living standard when we are alive and just die? Do we struggle in vain? Why do we live? Why are we conscious? What are we living for? 

                The power of our wisdom is tremendous. We have gone through many fields to find answers. We have sunk in the depths of many religions that have been introduced to us and have reached stunning heights in the field of science in search of answers. But the result merely satisfies our thrust. We want to know more and the time that we have is a handful. Since the beginning of mankind, we are searching but still, the outcome saddens my heart.  

               Like every one of you, I also think, is just me or does everyone wonders off with this question in the mind? I have gone through a lot in my life, although I am just in my early 20s. I work 5 days a week and 2 days I study. I am bored. I think, is this what life is? Just go to work to earn money, spend that money in education, feed yourself and have a bit of fun also, save some money for your last days. Why am I doing, is everyone doing the same? I am lost and it is common I guess. 

               We spend so much time on social media and to find the friend to love and we want the same love back from them. In this process, we get hurt? But why do we feel the pain, we do not even understand our existence and we fall apart for our simple and common pain. Our mind makes us do that but why? Is there a purpose behind this all the events that go down in our life? Does these all event lead us to our main goal? Does every move we make in our life count? Or we just do it in vain?

              I do not get it and neither has anyone of us. And that is totally fine with me because the more I think, the more I get lost, lost in the vastness of my wisdom. Everyone has a choice, although it merely satisfy us, it is better for us to go with one because it gives us the tiniest hint of the purpose and helps so to stay sane. I have chosen Christ, He shines brightly in my heart and has helped me see the main purpose in my life rather than just wandering off.
           
             You might have different, likely Allah, Krishna, Buddha, Science or any other. Just go with it so that you can live. Live life in peace and a purpose. Because all it matters in life is peace and it is your choice where to have it or not. 




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